Psoriasis is a common condition, affecting 2.5% of the world’s population, but effective treatment is available to reduce inflammation and help to make your skin clear. Many methods can be used to treat this infection, including light therapy, topical treatment, and systemic medications. Let’s look at some of the most common topical psoriasis treatments.
Certain creams and ointments that you use at home can treat or control mild to moderate psoriasis. However, these lotions must be used diligently to make sure they have a positive effect on your skin. If the infection is quite severe, you might need to combine these creams with other medications. Some of the topical treatments include:
1. Topical Corticosteroids
These medications are mostly prescribed to help treat mild and moderate psoriasis. They help to reduce the itching and inflammation and are mostly used alongside other treatments. Corticosteroids are best used on sensitive areas like the face and skin folds. They can also be ideal for treating patches that have become widespread to the extent that your skin is extremely damaged.
If the tough or less sensitive areas are also affected, then your medical specialist might recommend a stronger corticosteroid ointment. Note that this method might cause thinning of your skin when used for more extended periods.
2. Vitamin D Analogues
Vitamin D has been found to have a positive effect in the treatment of psoriasis. Calcipotriene is a prescription medication that contains a solution of Vitamin D. It typically comes in the form of a cream that is used for the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis. However, when used in excess, this medication might irritate your skin. Though Calcitriol might be more expensive, it might be more effective compared to other forms of topical treatments.
In this method of Psoriasis treatment, natural or ultraviolet light is used. The easiest and simplest way involves the exposure of the patient’s skin to controlled levels of natural sunlight. There are other forms of light therapy, such as ultraviolet B light and artificial ultraviolet. The two can be used independently or can be combined with other medications for improved effectiveness.
Scaling, inflammation, and skin cell turnover can be significantly reduced when the skin is exposed to sunlight on a regular basis. However, if the skin is exposed to the sun for extended durations daily, the skin might be damaged further. Therefore, you must monitor your sunlight exposure closely and follow the advice of your doctor.
2. UVB Therapy
Highly controlled doses of UVB light from an artificial light source might help to treat moderate to mild psoriasis symptoms. This method is typically used to treat single patches that have not become too severe. However, the technique might have some short-term side effects such as dry skin, redness, or itching.
Injected or Oral Medication
You can treat severe psoriasis with this method. After carefully evaluating your skin, a doctor can recommend oral or injected medication. These forms of treatment are quite strong and will normally only be used for short durations.
Treatment for psoriasis is important to help protect your skin. Also, keeping the infection under control is advised as it can move from mild to severe very fast. Once you have noticed some signs of the infection, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible, because the condition becomes more difficult to treat as it develops. Also, some methods might leave your skin dry or red, so try not to let the infection reach its advanced stages.